Science

GEOCENTRISM: Does the Earth Move? Is the Earth Located at the Center of the Universe?

WRITTEN BY: GEORGE LUJACK

The geocentric Earth-centered universe belief has been experiencing a revival recently among some within Christianity. This article will examine the geocentric model of the universe, the heliocentric model, the helical model, and Scripture-related verses used in justifying the geocentric model to determine if Scripture actually supports the theory that the Earth does not move and is located at the center of the universe.

geocentrism:
The belief that the Earth is the center of the universe, does not move, and that the Sun, the planets, and all the stars revolve around the Earth.

The geocentric model of the universe is a description of the cosmos where Earth is at the orbital center of all the universe’s celestial bodies. The geocentric model was formed in earlier civilizations from ancient Greece and throughout Rome, and, in spite of scientific evidences against the geocentric model; it has been experiencing a revival of sorts among some in Christian circles.

There are two main foundational reasons for the belief in geocentrism:

1. From the perspective of an Earth-bound observer, the Earth does not appear to move. The stars, the Sun, and planets appear to revolve around the Earth each day, making the Earth appear to be the center of the universe.

2. There are Scripture verses that proclaim that the Earth does not move.

A problem with determining Earth’s place in the universe is that we are trying to do so while being bound upon Earth, with the limited understanding of the universe that we have. Geocentrists fail to understand, or ignore the fact, that from the perception of being on Earth, we are like fish in a fishbowl. If a fish inside of a fishbowl had a mind, it would view its fishbowl as the center of the universe. Everything else it observed: its outer surroundings beyond its glass bowl, people coming and going, etc., would be viewed as revolving around its fishbowl. The fish would observe that its fishbowl does not move. Even if you placed the fishbowl in a commercial airplane, traveling smoothly at 500 mph (800 kph), the fish would observe that its fishbowl is stable and does not move, even though it is in a plane traveling at high rate of speed. From the fish’s relative perspective, its fishbowl appears to be the center of the universe, it apparently is not moving, and everything in its observable universe seems to be revolving around it.

There is no verse in all of Scripture that proclaims that the earth is the center of the universe. Geocentrism is deduced based on the following Scripture verses. (NOTE: Both the KJV and NKJV translations are shown when there are some slight English word translation differences):

1 CHRONICLES 16:30 (KJV): 
The world also shall be stable, that it be not moved.

1 CHRONICLES 16:30 (NKJV):
The world also is firmly established; it shall not be moved.

PSALM 93:1: 
Surely the world is established, so that it cannot be moved.

PSALM 96:10: 
The world also is firmly established; it shall not be moved.

PSALM 104:5 (KJV): 
Who laid the foundations of the earth, that it should not be removed for ever.

PSALM 104:5 (NKJV): 
You who laid the foundations of the earth, so that it should not be moved forever.

A literal translation is understood by geocentrists in believing that the Earth does not move and THUS the entire universe revolves around the Earth. This literal interpretation and scientific application of it to the Earth, the Sun, the Solar System, and the universe is erroneous.

The context of what is the spoken of in these verses pertains to the Earth’s stability. The oceans move, the wind blows, and the Earth itself moves (tectonic plates) and it moves during earthquakes. Scripture declares that the Earth moves:

PSALM 99:1: 
Let the earth be moved!

The Earth moves, but is stable and does not move on its surface; is stable in orbit and does not move out of orbit.

A proper way to scientifically apply, interpret, and understand Scripture’s declaration that “the earth does not move” in regards to the universe is thus:

1 CHRONICLES 16:30 (KJV): 
The world also shall be stable [IN ORBIT], that it be not moved [OUT OF ORBIT].

1 CHRONICLES 16:30 (NKJV): 
The world also is firmly established [IN ORBIT]; it shall not be moved [OUT OF ORBIT].

PSALM 93:1 (NKJV): 
Surely the world is established [IN ORBIT], so that it cannot be moved [OUT OF ORBIT].

PSALM 96:10: 
The world also is firmly established [IN ORBIT]; it shall not be moved [OUT OF ORBIT].

PSALM 104:5 (KJV):
Who laid the foundations of the earth [IN ORBIT], that it should not be removed [FROM ITS ORBIT] for ever.

PSALM 104:5 (NKJV): 
You who laid the foundations of the earth [IN ORBIT], so that it should not be moved [FROM ITS ORBIT] forever.

Geocentrists believe that the Earth is fixed in space, not orbiting the Sun, not rotating, and not moving at all. Scripture disputes this claim.

JOB 26:7: 
He hangs the earth ON NOTHING.

The Earth, while hurling through space, is not fixed in space or locked into position at the center of the universe; it hangs on nothing.

God hangs the Earth on nothing. “Nothing” cannot prevent the earth from moving; only something can prevent the Earth from moving through space. The Earth does not rest on physical pillars and is hanging in the vacuum of empty space (nothing). Even if geocentrists claim that God supernaturally keeps the Earth from moving, that would not be “nothing,” that would be God, through the power of His Holy Spirit, using something to hold the Earth motionless in space. Scripture does not make the claim that the Earth is fixed in space, but simply states that it hangs on nothing.

Gravity holds the Earth in place, in orbit around the Sun. Gravity consists of “nothing” and God hangs the Earth on nothing, but gravity.

A scientific interpretation of Job 26:7 should be understood as:

JOB 26:7: 
He hangs the earth [IN ORBIT] on nothing [BUT GRAVITY].

hellio
heliocentrism:
The astronomical model in which the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun at the center of the Solar System.

Galileo, the Italian astronomer, engineer, mathematician, and philosopher championed heliocentrism, and for doing so got himself into trouble by a Roman Catholic Inquisition in 1615, was forced to recant, and spent the rest of his life under house arrest. Galileo understood that smaller objects would be ‘moved’ by the gravity fields of larger objects.

The heliocentric model of the universe is in line with observable science and the geocentric model is not. We know and observe that smaller objects are gravitationally attracted to larger objects and are ‘moved’ by them. In our own Solar System, we observe moons orbiting their larger planets. The smaller Earth revolves around the much larger Sun.

In 1971, on an Apollo 15 moon walk, astronaut David Scott demonstrated that a hammer and feather, with no atmosphere resistance to slow down the descent of the feather, were equally caught under the gravity of the moon and they dropped to its surface at the same rate of speed.

The heliocentric model of the universe applies scientific principles and known observable science to its model of the Sun-centered Solar System, while the geocentric model completely ignores science and applies misinterpreted Scripture verses as a basis for its view of the Earth-centered Solar System. 

In 2012, DjSadhu, a self-described music producer, video artist, developer, and researcher produced a video of the Sun and the Solar System that he called the helical model, claiming that the Solar System operated like a vortex. In the video, he claims that the Sun is like a comet, dragging the planets in its wake, creating a spiraling vortex.

While this recent helical model properly indicates the movement of the Sun, as it does move in a spiral orbit around the center of the Milky Way Galaxy, it ignores the observable science that our Solar System and other galaxies are disc-shaped. Another scientific problem with the helical model is that in spiraling vortexes, the rotation continually spirals down. If the planets were rotating in a spiraling vortex trailing the Sun, they would eventually spiral down and fall in line directly behind the Sun, in its wake.

The helical model would be a more scientifically accurate model if it showed the Sun in motion and the planets revolving around the Sun on the same plane, rotating around a moving Sun, towards the center and then away from the center of the Milky Way Galaxy.

The Principle THE PRINCIPLE (MOVIE)

‘The Principle’ is a 2014 film questioning the Copernican principle and advances the philosophy of geocentrism. The Copernican principle, named after Nicolaus Copernicas, states that the Earth is not in any special favored or central location in the universe.

‘The Principle’ movie makes a lot of bold unsubstantiated claims, such as, “Science has found evidence that Earth is the center of the universe.”

Science has found no such evidence. The Earth may very well be somewhere near the center of the observable universe. Stars can be observed in the night sky in every direction that we point our telescopes. This may indicate that the Milky Way Galaxy is near the center of the universe, but there is absolutely no direct scientific evidence to claim that the Earth is an unmoving planet located at the center of the universe or that the universe revolves around the Earth.

Modern-day geocentrists make the claim that the Earth is at the center of the universe and held in an unmoving dead-center position by all the universe’s celestial bodies that pull on it equally in all directions. The Moon’s gravity pulls on the Earth’s waters, shifting their position on the planet, causing tidal movement. Geocentrists claim that while the Earth’s waters move, the Earth itself does not. That claim is not scientifically plausible. The reason we see the Earth’s waters move, and not the Earth itself, is because liquid water is more flexible than the Earth’s land-masses and shifts accordingly due to the Moon’s gravitational pull exerted over them. If the Earth were at the center of the universe, in a perfect dead-center locked position and not affected by the gravitational pull of any celestial body, then the Earth’s waters would likewise not be affected by the Moon’s gravitational pull on them.

The entire premise of ‘The Principle’ is that either the geocentric (alleged biblical model) of the Earth and universe is correct, or the Big Bang Theory is correct. Either the Earth is at the center of the universe and we are significant, or the Earth is not at the center of the universe and we are insignificant.

If the Earth were hypothetically located at the edge or the outer portion of the observable universe, would mankind – made in God’s image, be insignificant? Is not God more significant than His creation? If being centrally located in the universe indicates significance, shouldn’t heaven, God’s dwelling place, be at the center of the universe and thus the universe should therefore revolve around Him in heaven?

Evolution-minded Big Bang theorists propose that the universe is one large cosmic accident and we are all insignificant beings created from leftover stardust. Geocentrists claim that Earth is God’s creation located at the center of the universe and we are significant. It is not an either/or proposition choice between these two theories; there are other possibilities. The Copernican model of the Solar System does not negate God, nor does it declare the Big Bang Theory to be true.

There are three classifications of galaxies: elliptical, spiral, and irregular. In all the known galaxies, stars are observed revolving around their galaxy core centers – presumably with planets revolving around those stars and moons revolving around those planets. Geocentrists would have us believe that of all the billions of galaxies in the universe (current estimate 100-200 billion), the laws of physics work differently in the Milky Way. Planet Earth, according to geocentrists, bound by nothing (Job 26:7), is not only the center of the Milk Way Galaxy, where the Sun and the planets of the Solar System revolve around it, but Earth is also the center of the entire universe which also revolves around it.

PSALM 19:1:
The heavens declare the glory of God.

One does not need to close their eyes to observable science and believe in geocentrism in order to know that we are significant. We are created in the image of God and that is what makes us significant (Genesis 1:26). The universe is God’s creation and declares the glory of God; the universe does not declare the significance of man.

19 Comments

19 Comments

  1. Rick DeLano

    January 12, 2016 11:50 am at 11:50 am

    The article is laughably incompetent.

    As anyone who has seen “The Principle” already knows, the very first assertion concerning the “fishbowl” is not only itself an undemonstrated assumption; that assumption is *precisely* what is contradicted by the science reported in “The Principle”.

    Even the accompanying image is completely wrong.

    • George Lujack

      George Lujack

      January 12, 2016 1:13 pm at 1:13 pm

      This article is on geocentrism and is not a review of the movie, ‘The Principle.’ ‘The Principle’ is mentioned in a segment of the article.
      As for the fishbowl being an “undemonstrated assumption,” exactly how would I demonstrate it. We have fish and we have water and we have fishbowls. You stick the fish in a fishbowl with water. I cannot become a fish and experience what a fish goes through. It is an analogy.
      The image is of historical geocentrism, not a modern updated geocentric map that current geocentrists use, nor does the article claim it to be.

      • John T. Banewicz

        January 14, 2016 12:03 am at 12:03 am

        Alternative geocentric model developed by Tycho Brahe has sun, moon, and stars revolve around Earth. Planets revolve around the sun and had less epicycles than Copernicus.
        Consensus science has shown that the Copernican heliocentric model (stationary, sun-centered universe) is no longer valid and confirms the Biblical view that the sun moves. Josh 10:12 “Sun, stand thou still”. Joshua didn’t say, Earth still thy rotation.
        Sun now orbits the Milky Way, which orbits the local cluster of galaxies, which orbits the super cluster of galaxies, and who know what else, not to mention the accelerated expansion of space. Latest estimate is that Earth is traveling at 2,000,000 mph in a curved path (orbit) through space. If that’s so, which law of physics exempts a fish bowl on your kitchen table from sliding off? Orbits have curved paths. I once balanced a raw egg on its sharp end for ~30 minutes. How could that happen if orbiting at 2,000,000 mph? Unless of course, the laws of physics work differently for fish bowls & raw eggs.
        Also, science says that the atmosphere is locked to the Earth traveling 1,000 mph at the equator. If that’s true, how can a plane fly from the equator to a pole in a straight line without making adjustments?
        A thing is a physical object with shape. Earth is hung on an invisible force, which is no thing, such as magnetism or electrical charge.
        There are 4 fundamental forces: Strong Force, Electromagnetism, Weak force, and Gravity. Gravity is magnitudes weaker than the Weak force, and it locks the moon to Earth??? Irrational. A newborn baby defies gravity by lifting its arm.
        It’s obvious that you haven’t seen the documentary “The Principle” or read any current material. The cosmic background radiation is dubbed the “axis of evil” by secular scientists because it puts Earth smack dab in the center of the known universe.

      • Joseph Perez

        February 13, 2016 1:10 am at 1:10 am

        //A problem with determining Earth’s place in the universe is that we are trying to do so while being bound upon Earth, with the limited understanding of the universe that we have.//

        The blunder of this piece is that it presumes that there is no way for us to determine if we are in the center of the universe because we are within earth, our observational focus limits us to only this point.

        That is why Sungenis and Delano suggests that why should we not do the interferometer experiment in the moon in Jupiter in Mars or in Alpha Centauri to see if they are also immovable or moving.

        Rick is right this is a laughable incompetent essay that never heard all the argument on geocentrism

      • JCNZ

        May 23, 2016 9:52 am at 9:52 am

        The Test: you put a fish in a fish bowl with water, and a camera, and record events. See if the outside world moves around the fish/ fish bowl in exact mathematical clockwork day after day, night after night, month after month and year after year, with the whole lot of it revolving around one precise stationery point as our external environment (space) does (the North Star). If that is the case, then yes, the gold fish bowl is a good example. If not, then its rubbish. A good teacher does not provide the answer so I’ll let you guys figure it out. 🙂

  2. Roger M. Pearlman

    January 12, 2016 1:01 pm at 1:01 pm

    A lot of interesting information George,
    but this lags the leading edge science where we see empirical evidence the Earth-Sun ecliptic is not only the approximate center of the observable universe, but of the entire universe, as explained in:

    ‘Distant Starlight and the Age, Formation and Structure of the Universe’
    the new title for the third review edition of ‘The Pearlman SPIRAL’ cosmological redshift hypothesis and cosmology model.
    link at:
    kindle: http://www.amazon.com/dp/B0181C4Q1W
    paperback: http://www.amazon.com/dp/1519262205

    ‘The Recent Complex Creation Framework (RCCF)’ six principles to align Torah and Science. Link to the first review edition at:
    Kindle: http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B015VJ2ZRA
    Paperback: http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1512041815

    Torah Discovery Institute
    20681 W. Valley Blvd.
    Tehachapi CA. 93561

    661-221-8588
    info@torahdiscovery.org
    http://www.torahdiscovery.org

  3. George Lujack

    George Lujack

    January 12, 2016 1:30 pm at 1:30 pm

    Other reviews of ‘The Principle’:
    Film Review: ‘The Principle’
    A professionally polished, insidiously coy documentary that seeks to (sort of) debunk the Copernican principle:
    http://variety.com/2015/film/reviews/film-review-the-principle-1201409088/
    Protecting Faith from Pseudoscience: A Review of The Principle:
    http://truthandcharity.net/protecting-faith-from-pseudoscience-a-review-of-the-principle/

  4. Bill Underwood

    January 12, 2016 3:18 pm at 3:18 pm

    Interesting perspective. The one thing I would correct would be the biblical references to “world.” The Greek is “aionas” which means literally ‘ages.’ As used by Paul, it could properly be translated ‘systems.’ According to Vine’s expository Dictionary, “In Heb. 11:3 [lit., “the ages (have been prepared)”] the word indicates all that the successive periods contain,” i.e., from Paul’s perspective, the Babylonian world, the Greek world, the Roman world, etc. that had been “prepared” (allowed) to impact God’s people.

    • George Lujack

      George Lujack

      January 12, 2016 4:22 pm at 4:22 pm

      Thanks Bill. I have confirmed that ‘worlds’ in the Greek is probably best translated ‘ages’ and those verses have been edited from the article.

  5. Dan the Man

    January 12, 2016 5:54 pm at 5:54 pm

    Here are quotes from eminent scientists showing the equivalence of geocentric and geokinetic coordinate systems under General Relativity.

    To falsify geocentrism you would need to falsify GR…

    “Can we formulate physical laws so that they are valid for all CS [coordinate systems], not only those moving uniformly, but also those moving quite arbitrarily, relative to each other? […] The struggle, so violent in the early days of science, between the views of Ptolemy and Copernicus would then be quite meaningless. Either CS could be used with equal justification. The two sentences: “the sun is at rest and the earth moves” or “the sun moves and the earth is at rest” would simply mean two different conventions concerning two different CS.”

    Einstein, A. and Infeld, L. (1938) The Evolution of Physics, p.212 (p.248 in original 1938 ed.);
    Note: CS = coordinate system

    “…Thus we may return to Ptolemy’s point of view of a ‘motionless earth’… One has to show that the transformed metric can be regarded as produced according to Einstein’s field equations, by distant rotating masses. This has been done by Thirring. He calculated a field due to a rotating, hollow, thick-walled sphere and proved that inside the cavity it behaved as though there were centrifugal and other inertial forces usually attributed to absolute space. Thus from Einstein’s point of view, Ptolemy and Copernicus are equally right.”

    Born, Max. “Einstein’s Theory of Relativity”,Dover Publications,1962, pgs 344 & 345:

    “The relation of the two pictures [geocentrism and geokineticism] is reduced to a mere coordinate transformation and it is the main tenet of the Einstein theory that any two ways of looking at the world which are related to each other by a coordinate transformation are entirely equivalent from a physical point of view…. Today we cannot say that the Copernican theory is ‘right’ and the Ptolemaic theory ‘wrong’ in any meaningful physical sense.”

    Hoyle, Fred. Nicolaus Copernicus. London: Heinemann Educational Books Ltd., 1973.

    “People need to be aware that there is a range of models that could explain the observations,” Ellis argues. “For instance, I can construct you a spherically symmetrical universe with Earth at its center, and you cannot disprove it based on observations.” Ellis has published a paper on this. “You can only exclude it on philosophical grounds. In my view there is absolutely nothing wrong in that. What I want to bring into the open is the fact that we are using philosophical criteria in choosing our models. A lot of cosmology tries to hide that.”

    Ellis, George, in Scientific American, “Thinking Globally, Acting Universally”, October 1995

    • JCNZ

      May 23, 2016 10:03 am at 10:03 am

      Dan the Man- please allow me to unclutter your mind. All of that reads like warning label on a box of new age bipolar medications.
      Go to Youtube and take a look at any one of the many time delay images of the North Star taken from Earth. Then ask yourself, do you see one motion? Or the three motions given to us by the likes of Einstein and Newton, where we are spinning around at 1000mph, orbiting the sun at 70,000mph and both hurtling through space at 450,000mph?
      Use your intuition and leave the ball toy from kindergarten class at the door.
      And you will have your answer.
      And hopefully a more restful/fixed mind.

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  7. George Lujack

    George Lujack

    January 13, 2016 7:58 am at 7:58 am

    Rick DeLano:
    The article is laughably incompetent.

    RESPONSE:
    It has come to my attention that Rick DeLano is a rabid Roman Catholic, of the Dark Middle Ages mindset, and supports the Roman Catholic Church’s Inquisitions and executions of those who disagreed with the geocentric Earth-centered model of the universe.
    Rick DeLano, you are like a character out of a dark comic book!
    You have been EXPOSED.
    FACEBOOK COMMENTS:
    ————–
    Ed Garrett:
    RICK: The heaven protected Catholic Church can never bind the faithful in matters of faith and morals.
    ED: Why not? They have done it many times in the past, as when they burned John Hus at the stake.
    —————-
    Rick DeLano:
    That was no error.
    That was an act of discipline, of law.
    Hus was certainly a heretic.
    ————-
    Ed Garrett:
    Sounds like you are in Islam, not Christianity.
    —————–
    Rick DeLano:
    Why?
    Did you not know that the sword is wielded against the evildoer God’s decree?
    —————–
    Rick DeLano:
    One can either have burned heretics or heretics running the world.
    The heretics are running the world.
    ————-
    Ed Garrett:
    The State wields the sword in Christianity. In Islam, the religion wields the sword.
    —————–
    Rick DeLano:
    Hus was executed by the State.
    ————-
    Ed Garrett:
    He was handed over to the Satae by the RCC for offenses against the RCC, not against the state. In Islam, as in the RCC, the State is the Church.
    ————-
    Ed Garrett:
    Islam and the RCC can unite comfortably until one gets the upper hand and can wipe out the other.

  8. Chuck Anziulewicz

    January 15, 2016 11:02 am at 11:02 am

    Hey, if you believe that Live, the Universe, and Everything was spoken into being just 6,000 years ago, I suppose you’ll believe ANYTHING.

  9. Mark Puputti

    January 18, 2016 5:04 pm at 5:04 pm

    The earth is flat geocentric stationary under a dome… Outer space and NASA are lies.

    • George Lujack

      George Lujack

      January 27, 2016 12:51 am at 12:51 am

      My Geocentrism article was written specifically for your types.

    • JCNZ

      May 23, 2016 10:09 am at 10:09 am

      correct. 1 out of 5 aint bad.

  10. JCNZ

    May 23, 2016 10:08 am at 10:08 am

    Here is your answer folks:
    Go to Youtube and take a look at any one of the many time delay images of the North Star taken from Earth. Then ask yourself, do you see one motion? Or the three motions given to us by the likes of Einstein and Newton, where we are spinning around at 1000mph, orbiting the sun at 70,000mph and both hurtling through space at 450,000mph?
    Use your intuition and leave the ball toy from kindergarten class at the door.
    And you will have your answer.
    And for future reference- when you start adding in extra words to the holy/helios scripture in a bid to try and understand what it means- you are doing something wrong.

    • Dave

      June 4, 2016 10:54 pm at 10:54 pm

      Are we supposed to see motion in these time-delay images? Were these time-delay images taken on a spinning globe or on a flat earth? You can’t make claims regarding the effects of a spinning globe based on experiments conducted on a flat earth (allegedly). Get it?

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